The contrast between shadow as a subjective element (psychology, projecting into the unknown etc) and shadow as objective source of information (science – astronomy, medicine etc).
Shadow as medium – a non-refractive optics as opposed to lens based optics.
The historical idea of the shadow as a projection of something opaque ( say a body) associated with the soul, versus a new form of shadow derived from the idea of the X-ray, where the interior of the body is now revealed, partially transparent and medicalised.
Atomic optics – permanent shadows in stone from the atomic blast in Hiroshima.
Interiority versus exteriority, the historical opacity of the body versus the modernist transparency of the body.
opacity – transparency.
Link to photograms – Moholy-Nagy refers to X-rays when he writes about photograms.
Using shadows – blending layers (darken blend).
The shadow as indexical trace – are we hard wired in our response to shadows (say shadows in moonlight while hunting) that we reach out to interpret them (out of necessity to anticipate danger)?
Origins: the shadow can be a naturally occurring form of image -so is the shadow on a screen or surface natural or actually projected? ambiguity. A lens based image on the other hand must always be projected by another lens based apparatus (cameras and projectors have reciprocal functions).
Consequently..the potential aliveness of the shadow.
William Kentridge comments on the absence of facial expression in the shadow play – the need for gesture to convey emotion.
The shadow is a complex interplay between light source, object casting the shadow and the surface the shadow is projected onto.
The shadow and drawing…
Various experiments with shadows and composite blends such as darken and difference
Series: Essays in art and culture: Publisher: London : Reaktion, 1997.Description: 264 pages : illustrations (some colour), facsimiles, portraits ; 24 cm.ISBN: 1861890001; 0978186189009.Subject(s): Perspective | Shades and shadows in artNote: Includes bibliographical references: pages 243-258.
by Colombo, Paolo; Kissane, Sean; Irish Museum of Modern Art (Kilmainham, Dublin, Ireland); İstanbul Modern; Mouseio Benakē.
Publisher: Milano : Edizioni Charta ; Description: 150 pages : colour illustrations ; 27 cm.ISBN: 8881587149; 9788881587148.Subject(s): Puppets in art | Shadow puppets — Exhibitions | Shadow shows | Shadow-pictures | SilhouettesNote: Published on the occasion of the exhibition In praise of shadows, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, 5 November 2008 to 4 January 2009 ; Istanbul Museum of Modern Art, Istanbul, 23 January to 6 May 2009 ; Benaki Museum, Athens, 22 May to 26 July 2009. Note: Includes bibliographical references.